poultrykeeper logo

Welsummer Chickens

Welsummer Chicken
No. of Eggs
Easy to Keep?

Uses: Dual purpose utility – meat and eggs.
Origin: Welsum, Holland.
200 – 250 red-brown.
Weight: Cock: 3.2 Kg.Hen: 2.7 Kg.
Bantam Cock: 1.02 Kg, Hen: 790 g.
Colours: Red-Partridge, Silver Duckwing (Standardised UK), Silver, Golden (both rare and only exist in Germany).
Useful to Know: UK Standard has not been revised since 1932. Some details are not achievable, such as ‘upright’. The back should be long and flat, almost horizontal. Crele Welsummers are standardised as The Welbar.
Photo: Red partridge Welsummer male.

The Welsummer chicken gets its name from the village of Welsum near the town of Deventer in the Netherlands where they were slowly created in the farms and surrounding villages from 1880 onwards. Birds were from assorted origins and were selected for their large dark brown eggs over their looks. It is thought that the Brahma, Cochin, Malay, the dark brown egg laying Croad Langshan and later, the Rhode Island Red and Brown Leghorn is in the make up of these birds.

The launch of the first Welsummers that consistently bred true to type took place in 1921 in The Hague at the World Poultry Congress. They reached England in 1927. An outline breed standard was first published around 1923 but a more detailed standard was produced in England in 1929 with a further refinement in 1932.

Bantam Welsummers were created in Germany and England (separately) during the 1930’s. They are very popular abroad but there is a limited number of breeders interested in them in the UK.

Large Welsummers are one of the most popular breeds and strangely are classified as a light breed by the Poultry Club of Great Britain, despite being heavier than say Marans or Barnevelders that are classed as heavy breeds. This classification is thought to have occurred because the original birds that were imported into the UK were lighter than the birds of today.

In Europe, the name of this breed is spelt ‘Welsumer’ with only one ‘m’ but in the UK and America, the spelling used is ‘Welsummer’, which probably came about because of misspellings by the English.



The following books are available. Links take you to the Amazon or other sellers’ pages for the books.

Breed Clubs

These are the breed clubs for Welsummer chickens:

Related Posts:

On this page:

You might also enjoy:

Housing Geese
Keeping Geese
Housing Geese

Providing you can give sufficient space, adequate ventilation and security from nighttime predators, a goose house need not be complicated. In this article, Mo provides the low-down on housing geese.  

Read More »
Orpington Chickens
Chicken Breeds
Orpington Chickens

The Orpington fowl is more impressive in the flesh than in photographs that accompany the various books on pure breeds of poultry. 

With its abundance of feathers, the large fowl Orpingtons fill their show pens and are a sight to behold. The bantams – a miniature version of this magnificent breed – are still relatively big birds and equally eye-catching and impressive.

Read More »
Hatchability of Chicken Eggs
Incubating, Hatching & Brooding Chicks
Hatchability of Chicken Eggs

The hatchability of chicken eggs is as essential for backyard chicken keepers as it is for commercial flocks, especially when you have a limited number of eggs from a rare breed or breed in numbers to produce a small number of birds for the show pen.

Read More »
A poultry orchard with geese
Keeping Geese
Creating an Orchard for Poultry

Traditionally, in Europe, people kept poultry in orchards. Chickens and waterfowl would eat insects and fallen fruit, and geese would keep the grass short. Droppings helped provide nutrients for the trees, and the trees provided shade, shelter and safety.

Read More »