Orpington Chickens

Buff Orpington Chicken
No. of Eggs
2.5/5
Easy to Keep?
3.5/5

Uses: Exhibition / ornamental.
Origin: Kent, G.B. 
Eggs:
 100 – 180 white / tinted.
Weight: Cock:4.5 Kg min.Hen: 3.6 Kg min.
Bantam Cock: 2 Kg, Hen: 1.6 Kg.
Colours: Blue, Black, Buff, White (Standardised UK) Birchen, Chocolate, Cuckoo, Gold Laced, Jubilee, Lavender, Lemon Cuckoo, Partridge, Red, Spangled (Non Standardised).
Useful to Know: Docile, a good choice to have around with children.
Photo: Buff Orpington owned by D. Pownall. Photo R. Stephenson.

The Orpington was created in 1886 by William Cook in the village of Orpington in Kent, UK, as a dual-purpose utility breed. Still, its popularity as a show bird has removed many of these original utility traits. Over the years, they were thought to have been out-crossed to other breeds to increase the amount of feathering that make them look distinctively large. The large size and docile nature of the Orpington have made them a prevalent bird to keep. They were even kept and shown by the Queen’s Mother when she was alive.

There are 4 standardised colours in the UK (Black, Buff, Blue and White). The Buff Orpington is one of the most popular varieties, the Blue and Black Orpington is the largest. They are heavy birds and carry a lot of fluffy feathering. The show strains have feathering that covers their legs, almost to their feet. There are still some utility Orpingtons around that look distinctively different (see photos of Buff Orpingtons for an example), but it is tough to find strains that will lay more than about 160 eggs per year. These days, White Orpingtons are usually the best layers, some good strains laying up to 200 eggs per year. Orpington Hens usually go broody easily and make excellent mothers.

Head of Buff Orpington

Breeding Hints

Some exhibition males require their feathers trimming in order to allow successful mating.

Photos

Books

The following books are available. Links take you to the Amazon or other sellers’ pages for the books.

Breed Clubs

These are the breed clubs for Orpington chickens:

  • UK: The Orpington Club The Orpington Bantam Club, The Buff Orpington Club.
  • Eu: The European Orpington Club

Articles

Related Posts:

The Orpington Fowl Book Review
Book Reviews
The Orpington Fowl Book Review

The Orpington Fowl has to be THE book to have on your bookshelf if you are interested in the Orpington breed. The book starts by telling the story of how William Cook created and then sold the Orpington to all corners of the World. He created a dual purpose utility bird that also became popular at poultry shows.

Read More »
Chocolate Orpington
Chicken Breeds
Chocolate Orpingtons

The Chocolate Orpington is a relatively new colour of Orpington and currently to my knowledge only exists in bantam size although I’m sure it won’t be long before they are crossed into large fowl.

Read More »
Chocolate Orpingtons

The Chocolate Orpington is a relatively new colour of Orpington and currently to my knowledge only exists in bantam size although I’m sure it won’t be long before they are crossed into large fowl.

Read More »
The Orpington Fowl Book Review

The Orpington Fowl has to be THE book to have on your bookshelf if you are interested in the Orpington breed. The book starts by telling the story of how William Cook created and then sold the Orpington to all corners of the World. He created a dual purpose utility bird that also became popular at poultry shows.

Read More »

Orpington

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