Uses: Exhibition, rare breed conservation.
Eggs: 160-200 large white eggs per year.
Weight: Cock: 3.2-3.6Kg, Hen: 2.25-2.7Kg.
Bantam Cock: 680-790g Bantam Hen: 570-680g
Colour: Blue with black lacing.
Useful to Know: A rare breed but good layer of large white eggs. As with all blue coloured birds, there is wastage in getting blue plumage since black and splash birds will also be produced in matings. In addition to this, it is hard to get the right ground colour so relatively speaking, a lot of birds need to be bred to get a small number of birds that meet the standard.
Photo: A male Andalusian owned by R. A. Bowden taken at the National Poultry Show 2011.
The Andalusian Chicken came to the U.K. around 1846 when some birds were imported from Andalusia, southern Spain. Whilst they laid a good number of large white eggs, many of the original birds were not blue-grey, and it was some time before Andalusians looked as they do today.
It is thought that Andalusian’s were crossed with the Spanish breed (giving them the white ear lobes and the large combs). Andalusian chickens first appeared in Germany in 1872 when they were imported from England. They were added to the American Standard of perfection in 1874, so they would have probably been imported a few years before this.
Several Andalusian breed clubs formed over the years, but from 1939 until 1969, there was no breed club for fanciers until “The Rare Breeds Society” was formed. There are only a handful of breeders in the UK, and the Andalusian is considered a rare breed. There are never normally more than about a dozen birds exhibited at the major shows. British Poultry Standard weights for Andalusians are rarely achieved.
There is a high wastage rate creating the blue plumage (Blacks and Splash are also produced). The ideal plumage is hard to achieve, many birds do not have the right ground colour, or lacing. Black females with desirable features can be mated with lighter blue males and splash hens with darker blue males if breeding numbers are limited.
These are the breed clubs for Andalusians: