Uses: Exhibition. Utility: Eggs
Origin: France. Eggs: 160 - 200 Tinted.
Weight: Cock: 4.08 - 4.98Kg Hen: 3.4 - 4.3Kg
Bantam Cock: 1130 - 1360g, Hen: 907 - 1133g.
Colours: Black, Laced Blue, Buff, Cuckoo, Ermine, Salmon, White (Standardised UK).
Useful to Know: The name Faverolles comes from a village name, much like the Marans. This means there is always an 's' on the end of the spelling, even if we are talking about a single Faverolles.
Photo: Salmon Favorolles hen.
The Faverolles Chicken takes its name from a Village found to the West of Paris in France. This village is very close to the town of Houdan from which another breed also takes its name. The make up of the Faverolles starts with farm yard flocks around Faverolles. Most of these were Houdan and Dorking crosses of some description. Imported chickens from Asia are thought to have been kept by the wealthy in the surrounding areas. It is thought that the odd cock bird from these Asian fowl would have been mixed with the farm yard flocks which is how the Faverolles got its large size and feathered feet. The farmers started sending birds to the markets of Paris since they had a rapid growth rate and were a good size. To identify them, the dealers started giving them the name Faverolles, long before there was any conformity in type or plumage colour, they were still cross breeds, but soon became very popular for their meat and slowly started outselling the pure bred Houdan.
The Faverolles reached the UK in the 1890's and by 1900, the British Faverolles club was formed and a new breed standard was written. In the UK, poultry breeding was mainly for show, the British wanted to see uniform looking birds and the Faverolles still had a lot of variability. The English fanciers were prepared to pay more for birds that were closer to the standard so slowly, the farmers became more selective in their breeding to satisfy market demands in England.
In Germany, the Faverolles is called the Deutscher Lachshühner. It was split from the French and the British Faverolles as early as 1905 into a seperate breed. The Bantam (the first Bantam of the Faverolles Breed) followed in 1925. Unlike the British Faverolles, which traditonally needs double pen mating to produce show quality cocks and hens, the German Faverolles only needs a single pen to breed both sexes to show quality.
The standard for the Deutscher Lachshühner is: Large Fowl Cock 3-4Kg Hen 2.5 - 3.25Kg Egg lay must be 160 in the first year minimum (this is tested nationaly in Germany for all breeds). Hatching egg weight is 55 g minimum and eggs are a pale yellow to tinted in colour.
Bantam Cock 1200g, Hen 1000g. Egg lay must be 140 in the first year minimum. Hatching egg weight is 40g (this is a maximum/minimum weight, larger eggs from bantams are not wanted as that gives larger fowl. Eggs are a pale cream to tinted in colour.
The British Faverolles needs double pen mating to produce the best show birds in both sexes.
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